Canada VS USA: Which is Better for Indians to Settle in 2022?
 In Canada Immigration Visa

The United States and Canada are regarded as two of the best countries for immigration. They are well known for employment prospects, economic progress, and higher quality of life, but it is not easy to understand why that is so unless you experience it yourself.

A striking fact today is that Canada is the emerging top choice, over the US, for Indians. This is because many Indians have emigrated from Canada to the US for better opportunities due to Canada’s immigration regulations, which have been more liberal since 2016, and the United States’ strict immigration laws. Besides, the current trend is expected to continue with better jobs in Canada for Indians than in the United States.

This article is aimed to help you decide which of these two locations is the best for you. To do so, you will need to consider the long-term effects of variables like affordability, quality of life, career advancement, and how you can maximize the benefits of the country.

Working in Canada

Working in the USA

  • Canada is committed to providing all its citizens and immigrants stable employment.
  • As a result of Canada’s economic recovery strategy, the unemployment rate decreased to 5.67%.
  • The typical workweek for an employee in the federally regulated sector of Canada is 40 hours or 8 hours per day.
  • With the highest number of industries having their headquarters in the USA, it is known as the silicon capital of the globe. 
  • The US recorded a 10.2% unemployment rate in 2020. Some jobs were recession-proof even during the pandemic, such as domestic health workers, nurses, software developers, and market analysts.
  • Americans typically work 34.4 hours each week.

Key Takeaway:

The USA has larger income packages, but Canada has superior healthcare, more maternity leaves, and other social benefits. In addition, although Canada’s average workweek is a little longer than the US’s, getting a Worker Visa Canada is much easier.

  • Taxation

Canada

USA

Income tax

Depending on the province in which you work, an employee in Canada must pay federal taxes ranging from 5 to 15% of their total salary. In addition, provincial taxes must also be paid.

Goods and Service Tax

GST reductions are extremely fair. Pharmaceuticals and dentistry treatments are two examples of healthcare services free from GST.

Income Tax

Federal and state taxes make up income tax in the US.

Sales Tax

Every state in the US imposes a sales tax on purchases made there, which varies from state to state.

Key Takeaway: 

Federal and State/Provincial taxes are present in both the US and Canada.

  • Education

Studying in Canada

Studying in the USA

The average tuition cost in Canadian universities is 27% less than in the US. The top 5 Universities in Canada are:

Postgrad or jobs in Canada for Indians work effectively as students can seamlessly move to the workplace, opening the door to potential permanent residency.

The United States charges higher tuition fees than Canada due to its extensive educational system. The top 5 Universities in the USA are:

Eligible F-1 students can choose Optional Practical Training in the USA. With this kind of permit, students can work in a real-world setting in a field connected to their studies.

According to reports from the Canadian Bureau for International Education, the number of Indian students studying in Canada had a 127% rise. On the other hand, fewer graduate students from India enrolled in graduate-level programs at American universities.

Key Takeaway: 

More universities in the United States than in Canada are recognized globally. However, Canadian tuition costs are often lower than those in the US.

  • Immigration Routes to Canada And the United States

Canada Immigration

US Immigration

Indians can apply for the following Canadian visas: The main immigrant visas available to Indians are:
  • F1, J1, M1 Student Visa
  • E1, E2 Visa: Migration visa for employees
  • IR1 and CR1 Visa: Spouse of a US Citizen
  • K1 Visa: Finance to marry a US citizen
  • I-130 petition (K-3) Visa: Spouse of a US citizen awaiting approval.

 

ALSO READ:  MEDICAL REQUIREMENTS TEST FOR CANADA PERMANENT RESIDENT STATUS

 

Canada PR process via Express Entry

US Green Card via H1-B Visa

  • Canada PR process takes just six months
  • Allows you a PR status in Canada
  • You don’t require a Canadian job offer to apply
  • You don’t require any sponsorship
  • You can bring your family to live and work there
  • You can apply from outside Canada
  • You get citizenship after three years of employment
  • Green Card can take many years
  • You enter the US on a temporary worker visa which later converts to Green Card visa
  • You need a USA job offer to apply
  • You need employer sponsorship to get PR status
  • High refusal rates in the past years
  • Your employer will apply for your H1B visa
  • Obtaining citizenship is quite difficult

According to the IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) review data of the National Foundation for American Policy (NFAP), Permanent Resident Canada allotments have surged by 105%. So moving to Canada from the US is trending.

Key Takeaway: 

America is becoming less appealing than Canada for many high-skilled immigrants and their companies due to new restrictions on H-1B visas, international students, and long wait times for employment-based green cards. Therefore shifting the focus from Canada to the US seems favorable with a quicker Canada PR process.

  • Cost of Living: USA Vs. Canada

PARAMETERS CANADA (in CAD) USA (in USD)
Monthly Rent $ 840 approx $ 800 approx
Monthly Public Transportation $ 140 approx $ 107 approx
Healthcare Free  Subsidized rates
Monthly Groceries  $ 115 approx $ 90 approx
Restaurant Eating $ 17 (meal for one) $ 15 (meal for one)

Key Takeaway: 

Even though both countries’ annual average incomes are similar, Canada has a higher cost of living. Rent and health insurance costs are lower in Canada, while prices for electricity, petrol, and consumer items are more elevated. In addition, the city you live in will also affect the cost, so research the city you plan to live in before applying for Worker Visa in Canada.

  • Challenges Faced by Indian Migrants

Language Barriers

In both Canada and the USA, English is the primary language, and Indians typically adapt well to new environments. However, French-speaking residents predominate in provinces like Quebec (in Canada).

Academic Barriers

In-depth research is the only thing that influences the Canadian and US educational systems. This might entail brief, hands-on experience with the subject. Since there are newer learning methods, it takes Indian pupils some time to adjust.

Racism

Both the US and Canada have stringent laws in place to prohibit racism of any kind. In addition, Canada is a more welcoming place for immigrants to settle in contrast to the US, where the recent increase in crime resulted from prejudice.

Key Takeaway 

Both nations create unique difficulties for Indian immigrants. However, the Native-Indian population in the two countries has dramatically increased over the past few years.

Final Thoughts

Canada ranks in the top ten most peaceful countries, while the US ranks 121st. Furthermore, on the Average Life Satisfaction Ranking scale, Canada scored an average of 7.6, whereas the USA’s ranking is 7. Looking at the comparison, Canada is a more viable and preferred country for numerous Indians. However, your decision can be otherwise based on your goals.

Finally, if you decide to move to Canada, book an appointment with an experienced immigration advisor to get your Permanent Resident Canada application process underway.

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Post gathering the required information from the client we move to the respective immigration process that suits them well and carries forward their papers to immigrate them as quickly as possible. We then move your files to IRCC to check whether it is a complete fit to get immigrated. This evaluation from IRCC includes some health and security check of yours, and it may get extended to a further interview by IRCC crew.

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